Worried About Antibiotic use and resistance in Cattle?

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Reference List

  1. Bhullar, K., Waglechener, N., Pawlowski, A., Koteva, K., Banks, E.D., Johnston, M.D., Barton, H.A., and Wright, G.D. 2012. Antibiotic Resistance is prevalent in an isolated cave microbiome. PLoS ONE, 7(4):e347953. http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0034953

  2. Government of Canada. 2015. Federal action plan on antimicrobial resistance and use in Canada: Building on the federal framework for action. http://healthycanadians.gc.ca/publications/drugs-products-medicaments-produits/antibiotic-resistance-antibiotique/action-plan-daction-eng.php?wbdisable=true

  3. Callaway, T.R., Edrington, T.S., Rychlik, J.L., Genovese, K.J., Poole, T.L., Jung, Y.S., Bischoff, K.M., Anderson, R.C., and Nisbet, D.J. 2003. Ionophores: Their use as ruminant growth promotants and impact on food safety. Curr. Issues Inest. Microbiol. 4:43-51. http://www.horizonpress.com/backlist/ciim/v/v4/05.pdf

  4. Russell, J.B. and Houlihan, A.J. 2003. Ionophore resistance of ruminal bacteria and its potential impact on human health. FEMS Microbiol. Rev. 27:65-74. http://femsre.oxfordjournals.org/content/27/1/65

  5. Beef Cattle Research Council. 2015. What producers need to know about antimicrobial use and resistance. http://www.beefresearch.ca/research-topic.cfm/antimicrobial-resistance-11#intro

  6. Health Canada. 2009. Categorization of antimicrobial drugs based on importance in human medicine. http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/dhp-mps/vet/antimicrob/amrramhum-med-rev-eng.php

  7. Canadian Integrated Program for Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance (CIPARS). 2013. Annual Report. http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2015/aspc-phac/HP2-4-2013-2-eng.pdf

  8. FoodNet Canada. 2013. Short Report. http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/foodnetcanada/report-rapport-2013-eng.php

  9. Government of Canada. 2015. Canadian antimicrobial resistance surveillance system report. http://healthycanadians.gc.ca/publications/drugs-products-medicaments-produits/antibiotic-resistance-antibiotique/antimicrobial-surveillance-antimicrobioresistance-eng.php#a7-2

  10. Gow, S., Deckert, A., Leger, D., Agunos, A., Carson, C., Avery, B., Parmley, J., Finley, R., Reid-Smith, R., Irwin, R. Antimicrobial Use and Resistance Surveillance. Public Health Agency of Canada presentation to the Alberta Farmed Animal Health and Welfare Steering Committee. June 30, 2015.

  11. CFIA National Chemical Residue Monitoring. 2012-2013. Annual Report. http://www.inspection.gc.ca/food/chemical-residues-microbiology/chemical-residues/ncrmp-report/eng/1415838181260/1415838265896

  12. Hurd, H.S., Doores, S., Hayes, D., Mathew, A., Maurer, J., Silley, P., Singer, R., and Jones, R.N. 2004. Public health consequences of macrolide use in food animals: A deterministic risk assessment. J. Food Protec. 67:980-992. http://jfoodprotection.org/doi/pdf/10.4315/0362-028X-67.5.980?code=fopr-site

  13. Verified Beef Production – Canada’s Beef On-Farm Food Safety Program http://www.verifiedbeef.org

  14. Morley, P.S., Dargatz, D.A., Hyatt, D.R., Dewell, G.A., Patterson, J.G., Burgess, B.A., and Wittum, T.E. 2011. Effects of restricted antimicrobial exposure on antimicrobial resistance in fecal escherichia coli from feedlot cattle. Foodborne Pathog. Dis. 8:87-98. http://naldc.nal.usda.gov/download/47891/PDF

  15. Chang, Q., Wang, W., Regev-Yochay, G., Lipsitch, M. and Hanage, W. P. 2015. Antibiotics in agriculture and the risk to human health: How worried should we be? Evolut. Applic. 8: 240–247. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/eva.12185/full

  16. Phillips, I., Casewell, M., Cox, T., De Groot, B., Friis, C., Jones, R., Nightingale, C., Preston, R. and Waddell, J. 2004. Does the use of antibiotics in food animals pose a risk to human health? A critical review of published data. J. Antimicrob. Chemo. 53: 28-52. http://jac.oxfordjournals.org/content/53/1/28.short

  17. Guardabassi, L., Schwarz, S. and Lloyd, D.H. 2004. Pet animals as reservoirs of antimicrobial-resistant bacteria. J. Antimicrob. Chemo. 54:321-332. http://jac.oxfordjournals.org/content/54/2/321.short

  18. Britt, R.R. 2005. The Odds of Dying. livescience. http://www.livescience.com/3780-odds-dying.html

Learn more about antibiotic use and resistance in beef production:

Myth: Animal Agriculture is the Biggest Contributor to Antibiotic Resistance. Visit MeatMythCrushers for more videos on meat production.

Myth: Antibiotics are Use in Animal Agriculture to Cover up for Unsanitary Conditions. Visit MeatMythCrushers for more videos on meat production.

How are Antibiotics Used on the Farm? This video, from the North American Meat Institute, takes you on a virtual farm tour with Dr. Brad Jones, a veterinarian with the University of Nebraska and Great Plains Veterinary Educational Center.

What Beef Producers Need to Know About Antimicrobial Use and Resistance. Video Credit: Beef Cattle Research Council

Watch Dr. Joseph Perrone explain important facts about antibiotic use. Video Credit: Centre for Accountability in Science

Centre for Food Integrity Best Food Facts: True? Or Not? “Regular use of antibiotics in healthy cows, pigs and chickens has led to increased antibiotic resistance in humans eating meat products” http://www.bestfoodfacts.org/true-or-not/Antibioticsinlivestock

Centre for Food Integrity: Antibiotics for Animals: Dangerous for Humans? http://www.bestfoodfacts.org/food-for-thought/animalantibioticsdangerous

Beef Cattle Research Council: Antimicrobial Resistance http://www.beefresearch.ca/research-topic.cfm/antimicrobial-resistance-11

Health Canada – Antibiotic (antimicrobial) resistance http://healthycanadians.gc.ca/drugs-products-medicaments-produits/buying-using-achat-utilisation/antibiotic-resistance-antibiotique/index-eng.php

Canadian Integrated Program for Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance (CIPARS) http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/cipars-picra/index-eng.php

Canadian Food Inspection Agency Residue Testing http://www.inspection.gc.ca/food/meat-and-poultry-products/manual-of-procedures/chapter-5/eng/1395150894222/1395150895519?chap=2