Worried About Hormones in Cattle?

A look inside beef production practices

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Reference List click here

  1. Canada Beef, Inc. “Understanding hormone use in beef.” http://www.beefinfo.org/Default.aspx?ID=11&SecID=8&ArticleID=166

  2. Merriam Webster. Hormone definition http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hormone

  3. Hartmann et al. 1998. Natural occurrence of steroid hormones in food. Food Chemistry. 62:1, 7-20. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308814697001507

  4. Beef Cattle Research Council. “Explaining growth promotants used in feedlot cattle” http://www.beefresearch.ca/blog/growth-promotants/

  5. Preston, R.L. 1997. Rationale for the safety of implants. Oklahoma State University Implant Symposium Proceedings. http://www.beefextension.com/proceedings/implant_97/97-24.pdf

  6. Weiert Velle. 1981. Hormones in Animal Production. FAO Animal Production and Health Paper 31. http://www.fao.org/docrep/004/x6533e/x6533e01.htm

  7. Kaplowitz et al. 2001. Earlier onset of puberty in girls: relations to increased body mass index and race. Pediatrics. 108:2, 347-353. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11483799

  8. Magolski et al. 2014. Consumption of ground beef obtained from cattle that had received steroidal growth promotants did not trigger early onset of estrus in prepubertal pigs. Journal of Nutrition. Published online ahead of print. http://jn.nutrition.org/content/early/2014/09/24/jn.114.198127.abstract

  9. Health Canada. “Questions and answers – hormonal growth promoters” http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/dhp-mps/vet/faq/growth_hormones_promoters_croissance_hormonaux_stimulateurs-eng.php

  10. Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives. “Procedures for recommending maximum residue limits – residues of veterinary drugs in food http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/templates/agns/pdf/jecfa/2000-06-30_JECFA_Procedures_MRLVD.pdf

  11. Food & Drugs Act. http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/F-27/index.html

  12. Canadian Food Inspection Agency. “Chemical Residues.” Chapter 5.2, Manual of Procedures, Meat and Poultry Products. http://www.inspection.gc.ca/food/meat-and-poultry-products/manual-of-procedures/chapter-5/eng/1395150894222/1395150895519?chap=2#s13c2

  13. Ellin Doyle. 2000. Human safety of hormone implants used to promote growth in cattle: A review of the scientific literature. Food Research Institute.

  14. Capper and Hayes, 2012. Environmental and economic impact of removing growth-enhancing technologies from U.S. beef production. Journal of Animal Science. 90:10, 3527-3537.

  15. Legesse et al. 2015. Greenhouse gas emissions of Canadian beef production in 1981 as compared with 2011. Animal Production Science. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/AN15386

Learn more about hormone use in beef production:

Myth: Hormone Use In Beef Production is a Health Concern

Visit Meat MythCrushers for more videos on meat production

Health Canada – Questions and Answers – Hormonal Growth Promoters

Canadian Food Inspection Agency Residue Testing

Manitoba Agriculture: Growth Implants for Beef Cattle

Beef Cattle Research Council: Explaining Growth Promotants used in feedlot cattle